Western history is one of the most complex periods in world history. This period was marked by profound change not only in religion but in government, literature, art, technology and society. For this reason it is said that Western history has been one of the most important events in the development of mankind. If we do not spend enough time understanding this period and how it impacted on the world today, we will remain ignorant about the various achievements and contributions made by the people of Western civilization.
The Western history can be divided into four major periods. The first one is the Pre-Roman period which is the period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire. This period gave birth to the classical works of the Greek authors, such as the Iliad and the Odyssey. The second period is the Hellenistic period, which is characterized by the appearance of western European texts in the languages of Latin and Greek. The third period is the Renaissance which gave birth to the works of Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and others. The fourth and last stage is the post-Renaissance period, which is characterized by the development of European education and the Renaissance architecture.
In order to study the evolution of western civilization, it is very important to understand the major events that occurred during this period. First, let us look at the origins of Western civilization. During the last glacial period, around 11 million years ago, people in the Western hemisphere migrated to the regions of the Eastern continent. This migration was accompanied by the adoption of new technologies and new cultures.
Two of the most significant cultures of the period are Those of the Romans and those of the Dutch. Both developed separately but eventually merged under the umbrella of Western civilization. Rome, the center of the Roman Empire, became the political, cultural, intellectual and social capital of the Western world. Its influence can be seen in the language we use today, in arts and in all aspects of life ranging from religion to law to government.
In the fourteenth century, with the advent of the Renaissance, Western Europe experienced a period of expansion. There was a great influx of art, science and medicine, which led to the development of one of the largest empires in the world: the Netherlands. The most important centres of interest within the Netherlands at this time were Antwerp, which became the economic centre of Western Europe; Leipzig, which was the financial centre of Germany; and Venice, which were the centre of Italian politics and trade. With the fall of the Roman Empire, Italy was left behind and became one of the most important trading centres in the Mediterranean area.
During the following four thousand years, there were profound changes in all areas of European history. A new era emerged, characterized by development of new towns, infrastructure and religions. The Middle Ages became a golden age for the Europeans as they were able to defeat the invaders of the east and, later, were able to extend their influence to all corners of the globe. During this period, the west began to convert to Christianity as it became more powerful and influential. There were numerous debates about what was the right way to develop the religion but, eventually, Pope Innocent III converted the Roman Catholic Church into a universal church, leading to the Reformation.