Western history presents many different moments and themes. It starts with the ancient Greek and Roman societies that gave rise to many of the most influential cultures in the world today. Later, as civilizations such as Spain, India and China were developed, it gave birth to new civilizations. At the end of the medieval period, Europe was an extremely powerful force, and it still is to this day.
Western history is also divided into two distinct periods. The first was the western civilization that developed in the period of the Renaissance, including Italy and France. It brought the idea of the Christian faith, especially the European version. From the fifteenth century onwards, all of Europe experienced rapid growth, ultimately leading to the rise of the French revolution and the subsequent collapse of the Roman economy.
In contrast, the other side of western history sees a much shorter period called the middle ages. Here, a number of civilisations, such as Ireland and Scotland, emerged as major players on the political scene. The population was shrinking due to the disappearance of the Roman economy, and Christianity was becoming the main source of social control. At the same time, the development of the arts, technology and banking became much more balanced. As Europe started to industrialise, its economy started to develop very quickly, and it was only towards the end of the seventeenth century that it began to catch up with the other parts of the world.
Today, historians are interested in understanding the development of the west through examination of the way in which different civilisations, philosophies and social forces interact with each other. This way, we can see the evolution of the west before its downfall, as well as how it evolved in the next history. Two things need to be distinguished from each other though, so that we can correctly identify the evolution of the west.
First of all, we should note that there were two major steps that took place in the west before the start of any of the other history. The first was the migration of the peoples. The peoples who settled in the west were either those who were displaced by other cultures, or they were nomads who moved from west to east in search of new lands and environments. They were joined by groups of pioneers who decided to abandon their former civilizations and go into the unknown west for a new life in the west. All these groups joined the expansion of early western civilization. This is why the peoples of the west look back on the history of the previous generations with envy, while the newcomers look back on the earlier generations with distaste.
The second step which is worth noting is the development of the economy. Before the rise of the wealthy states in the west, the developing nations were largely agricultural regions, with little industry, commerce or finance. However, after the rise of the west, developed nations with rich eastern neighbors began to develop productive industries, leading to the rise of major banks and powerful industries in the west, which have developed the world as we know it today. We owe a lot to the west for its remarkable growth – thanks to the earlier generations of European and North American settlers, and also thanks to Patricia Limerick.