Geography of North America
North America is an extremely large continent located in the Northern Hemisphere, lying between the eastern and western oceans. It is the most southern continent, with the exception of the Asian continent. It is separated into seven continental units which are: north, Central America, south, central, eastern, west and north-central. It also is known by the names of the following six countries: Canada, United States, Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras.
North America is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the south and Central America to the west. It also faces the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. It is the fifth largest continent in the world, after Asia, Africa and the South Americas. This is the home of some of the world’s greatest and earliest cultures. North America has witnessed human colonization from early times up to the present.
The most important cities and towns in North America are New Orleans, Chicago, Detroit, Toronto, Saint Louis, Albuquerque, San Francisco and Salt Lake City. These are the primary ports of entry for the United States Department of State, which is one of the largest and busiest international airports. Some of the more Important North American Cities are Chicago, Texas, Houston, Washington D. C., Buffalo, New Orleans, Los Angeles, Atlanta, Salt Lake City, Phoenix, Denver, Minneapolis and Miami. All these cities are densely populated.
The northern portion of this continent is covered with land that is mountainous. The western portion is desert. This is the most arid continent, with rainfall only in the far west. This means that the climate in north America varies greatly. It is warmer in the south, but can get very cold in the north.
There are two wide continents on this huge continent. While the eastern portion is composed of mostly mountains, the western portion has much less of forests and jungles. Africa and Asia are to the east, while Europe, North America and Oceania are to the west. Mostly mountainous, this continent has a large arctic and a continental sea. About half of the continent is ocean-bound, with the other areas being land masses with seas.
The four continents of north America also have different ethnic groups. The southern border states include all those from Louisiana, including New Orleans. Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas, also known as “The Heartland,” are located along the southern border. These states also have significant populations of African Americans, who form a major proportion of the population of this continent. Those living in the north coast states, along the Pacific Ocean, are mostly European Americans.