North America is a large continent spanning the Western and Northern Hemispheres. It is divided into several regions, including geographic and cultural regions, and trade blocs such as the North American Free Trade Agreement. Its major landmasses include the US, Canada, and Mexico, as well as the Caribbean islands. North America has a long coastline, with the Gulf of Mexico and Hudson Bay being the largest bodies of water indentating the continent. In addition to these water bodies, the continent has the Gulf of California, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Gulf of Mexico.
After Columbus’ initial voyage to the New World, the word of the potential riches spread across Europe, and thousands of explorers stepped ashore along the Atlantic Ocean coastline of North America. Giovanni da Verrazzano and John Cabot explored the east coast of Canada in 1497 and 1524, respectively. In 1534, Jacques Cartier made a series of voyages on behalf of the French crown, making the St. Lawrence River a major route through the region.
While most of North America is home to Europeans, the continent still contains some native populations. While the United States and Canada share much in common, the Spanish-speaking portions of the region have their own cultures and histories. Mercator referred to north and south America as America and New India, while the Spanish Empire referred to the territory as Las Indias and the Council of the Indies. The Caribbean countries are largely a blending of cultures and languages, and are sometimes referred to as part of North America.
Canada and the United States have one of the most important trade blocs in the world, although Central and Northern Central America do not share it. A proposal to sign a free trade agreement between Canada and Central America is being developed. This deal would operate in much the same way as CAFTA with the United States. Although the United States and Canada are the most important trading partners in the world, they are hardly the only ones who benefit from free trade agreements.
North America’s diverse landscapes include deserts, tropical rain forests, and mountains. Its largest mountain range, the Rocky Mountains, run from northern Canada into the southwestern United States, eventually extending into Central and Mexican territory. This mountain range contains some of the world’s most famous national parks. The cities of North America also boast beautiful architecture. The US and Canada share the longest land border in the world, which is eight hundred and ninety-three kilometers long.
In addition to being the largest continent in the world, North America is home to many unique animals and plant life. North America includes the USA, Canada, and the Caribbean, and is partly bounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Greenland is also considered to be a part of North America. However, the boundaries of North America are not fully determined, with some authorities saying it begins at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico.