The modern era is a period of change in western civilization. It has been marked by revolutions and religious and political movements. In the 1960s, the sexual revolution in western civilization began, paving the way for a more liberal view of premarital sex and sexual morality. The French and American revolutions also led to changes in the social order. The Vietnam war, which the United States supported in its war against the Viet Cong, was another controversial time in western history. The Stonewall riots of 1969 helped spur the modern gay rights movement in the United States. In the 1970s, the Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade legalized abortion on demand and liberalized abortion laws in other Western countries.
The 19th century saw unprecedented industrialization in Europe. Cities grew and middle classes began to dominate society. This social change was accompanied by revolutionary changes in thought. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution helped foster a more secular outlook, as his theory explained how life evolved. The rise of the Roman Catholic Church and the rise of the Protestant movement were major changes in western culture.
The Western history timeline provides a comprehensive overview of important events in Western civilization. These events range from prehistory to the modern world. Whether you are interested in ancient Greeks, modern world, or anything in between, a western history timeline can provide a useful overview of the past. It will help you understand how the history of Western civilization can influence other parts of the world.
The Industrial Revolution transformed European power and wealth. In the eighteenth century, Europeans learned how to harness coal energy. This enabled them to grow their wealth, military power, and technology. However, this rapid expansion of European power came at the cost of slaves and subsistence wages. As a result, Europeans controlled 85% of the world by the beginning of the twentieth century.
After World War II, the Cold War began to spread around the world. After the victory of the Western powers, the Soviet Union and China became rivals for influence. Eventually, communist regimes were established in Africa, South East Asia, and the Caribbean. Meanwhile, many newly independent nations took a non-aligned position and began leaning toward the Soviet Union.
The Roman Empire was one of the most influential empires in Western civilization. It expanded from its capital city in central Italy and expanded to areas from Britain to Spain, North Africa, and even Persia. It was a complex, powerful empire that influenced law, architecture, language, and science. Despite its short lifespan, the Romans contributed significantly to western civilization.
The Romans are responsible for giving us the idea of the ongoing Western Civilization. They acknowledged Greek culture and incorporated Greek architecture into their architecture. They also adopted Greek gods and philosophers. Educated Romans also spoke Greek and could read the Greek works. Because of this, they viewed themselves as part of this ongoing civilization.