Western history can be divided into four main periods. These are Pre-Roman, Roman, Medieval and Modern. Western culture traces its origins back to the Mediterranean and Europe. It is closely connected to ancient Greece, Rome and with Medieval Western Christendoms that emerged in the Middle Ages. The concept of individual rights, freedom, hierarchy and a strong sense of social responsibility were common to all European countries and are present in modern western societies. All these have been influenced by different cultures that emerged during this period.
The Pre-Roman period has its foundations in ancient Greece. Plato, Aristotle and other Greek philosophers are responsible for the introduction of the term ‘liberalism’. The concepts of individual rights, freedom, free market and democracy were not yet fully applied in western civilization and only under the influence of the Roman Empire. The most prominent philosophers that lived in the ancient greece were Aristotle and Plato. Ancient Greece was a complex society and was ruled by several dynasties. The most famous ones being Xerxes of the Persian Persia and Cassius and Julius Caesar.
This period in western history can be seen as the dawn of democracy, individual rights and free market where all the powers of the past were diminishing. Under the influence of Socrates, the first philosophers, some of them were disillusioned with the social philosophies of Athens. The fall of the Roman army in 70 BC prompted the Romans to move against Athens and to put down the thirty-five year rule of the Socrates’ who was the last reigning Athens ruler. After this, all the classic schools were together in the intellectual school at Athens and they fixed their thinking and methodology.
Another important part of this period in western history is the rise and development of great philosophers such as Aristotle, Plato and Socrates. They formulated the basic theories of right and wrong and taught that virtue and character are the foundations of a successful life. During this time, there were disputes, murders and wars between men. There were so many characters and leaders that shaped this part of western history. It also introduced one of the most famous philosophers of all time, Aristotle, who taught that there are three kinds of thinkers: the dreamers, the poets and the know-it-alls.
In this new history, it was not long before the “New West” experienced a new era of its own. A group of men who did not believe in Christianity founded a religion that would become the basis for all the religions and philosophies that are practiced in America to this day. This new history began with the gold rush when several Native American tribes moved to the west and brought with them the idea of mining for precious metals. This practice became very popular and soon, mining for gold became a very profitable business. It eventually grew into an industry and soon there were many people trying to get a piece of this lucrative business.
Throughout this time, European explorers would also make their way into the area and as a result, many cultures and societies were formed. When Europeans started to arrive on this part of the world, they brought with them not only knowledge of how to mine for valuable metals, but also created the first cities in the western deserts and along the rivers of the Americas. As time passed, more American Indian tribes were able to form unions with other tribes and form families with each other. Although, in most western histories, the westernizations of these places are largely forgotten, as the majority of Americans today, are only familiar with the European influence.