In the Middle Ages, western Europe enters a period in which Feudalism, a system of land exchange, replaced centralized government. In this time, the Roman Catholic Church spread Greek and Roman culture to Germanic and Slavic peoples. During this time, Arab achievements in science, math, and medicine were brought to the western world. It took centuries for these new discoveries to spread throughout western society. However, it was during this time that the Western world truly began to be united.
The first battle of the Texas Revolution takes place on October 2, 1835, near the Guadalupe River. The following year, the settlers declare independence from Mexico. On November 13, 1835, the Pueblo Indians resist the settlers and revolt, killing hundreds. The Pueblo Revolt takes place in present-day El Paso. The second Spanish expedition to the New World, led by Kit Carson, ends in a French victory at the Battle of the Alamo, killing 180 defenders. In 1842, Diego de Vargas and Juan de Ulibarri retake Texas and claim the state of Colorado. In 1844, Mile Goodyear establishes Fort Buenaventura, on the present-day Ogden.
During the seventeenth century, Europe experienced an unprecedented industrial revolution. Cities began to expand as towns grew into large cities. While Catholicism remained the dominant religion in southern Europe, Protestantism gradually gained ground in northern Europe. Protestantism advocated a simpler style of Christianity and gave individuals greater freedom of choice. This era paved the way for today’s secular society. Once again, religious and cultural beliefs played a key role in shaping western society.
During this time, many Muslims felt hostility toward the Western world. However, the West was consistent in supporting Israel in its wars against the Arabs. After the September 11, 2001, the American government declared a “War on Terror” and enlisted Western forces in Afghanistan and Iraq. The battles continued until 2005, and many Muslims continued to attack Western targets. Assimilation of non-Western peoples dominated debates during this time period.
The French Revolution was another turning point in Western history. In France, the French Revolution triggered a yearning for national self-determination and democracy. While European states dominated the economy, many nationalities sought independence, and some countries were even absorbed into the new Western order. Then, new European states began to emerge. With these new states, Western civilization began to become a more prosperous place to live. There is a western history timeline to help you understand this fascinating period of the world’s history.
The Cold War grew throughout the world. In the years following the World War II, empires fell quickly and communist regimes rose in places like China and South East Asia. Communism spread to the Caribbean and Africa, and newly-independent countries took a non-aligned stance. However, many of them eventually gravitated towards the Soviet Union. With their newfound freedom, western culture reformed. Its influence and dominance reached other parts of the world.